Предлоги времени в английском языке могут указывать на точное время или период времени и на время начала и конца действия.
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|We use at with times||We use on with dates and days|
|at 5 o’clock — at 11.45 — at midnight — at lunchtime||on 12 March — on Friday(s) — on Friday morning(s)|
|Tom usually gets up at 7 o’clock.||on Sunday afternoon(s) — on Saturday night(s)
on Christmas Day (but at Christmas)
|We use at in these expressions:|
|at night — at Christmas — at the moment / at present — at the same time — at weekends — at the age of…|
|We use in for longer periods of time||We use during + noun to say when something happens|
|in April — in 1986 — in winter — in the 19th century — in the 1970s — in the morning(s) / in the afternoon(s) / in the evening(s)||during the film — during our holiday — during the night
We met a lot of interesting people during our holiday.
I fell asleep during the film.
|In + period of time = a time in the future:|
|Jack will be back in a week.
The train will leave in a few minutes.
|In + how long it takes to do something|
|I learned to drive in four weeks.|
|We use for + a period of time expressing duration||We use since + a starting point, a specific time|
|for six years — for two hours — for a week||since April — since 1992 — since 8 o’ clock|
|I’ve lived in this house for six years. They have been watching TV for two hours.||It has been raining since one o’ clock. They’ve known each other since they were at school.|
|UNTIL||FROM — TO|
|We use until/till to say how long a situation continues||We use from — to + beginning and end of a period|
|Let’s wait until it stops raining. I stayed in bed until half past nine.||Last evening we watched TV from 5 to 8 o’ clock.|